The ILO suggest that Child Labour is best defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.
Section 28 of the Child’s Right Provides that no child shall be‐
(a) subjected to any forced or exploitative labour; or
(b) employed to work in any capacity except where he is employed by a member of his family on light work of an agricultural, horticultural or domestic character; or
(c) required, in any case, to lift, carry or move anything so heavy as to be likely to adversely affect his physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development;
(d) employed as a domestic help outside his own home or family environment.
(2) No child shall be employed or work in an industrial undertaking and nothing in this does not apply to work done by children in technical schools or similar approved institutions if the work is supervised by the appropriate authority.
Safety tips against forced labour:
Public awareness and enlightenment.
Children should be taught their rights.
Penalty: (State applicable laws and jurisdiction)
By virtue of Section 28 (3) and (4), Any person who contravenes provisions prohibiting child labour is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding fifty thousand naira or imprisonment for a term of five years or to both such fine and imprisonment.
Where an offence under this section is committed by a body corporate, any person who at the time of the commission of the offence was a proprietor, director, general manager or other similar officer, servant or agent of the body corporate shall be deemed to have jointly and severally committed the offence and may be liable on conviction to a fine of two hundred and fifty thousand naira.
Section 29 also provides that provisions of Section 59-62 of the Labour Act on prohibition of industrial and night labour applies