My right to waka dey go as a like (Introduction)

  • Introduction

To comot from one place to another na important characteristic of a man. Naija people get freedom of movement, residence anywhere for Nigeria. Dem even get right to leave Nigeria and return to Nigeria.

Section 41(1) for our 1999 Constitution talk sey:

All Nigerians get right to move freely throughout Nigeria. Dem fit residefor any part of Nigeria. Dem no fit expel any Nigerian from Nigeria or come refuss make e enter Nigeria or leave Nigeria.

No forget sey this right na for Nigerians. This right also dey for section 15(3) and (4) for the constitution, which talk sey:

  • If we wan dey promote unity, our goverment get duty to dey do the followingo-
  • Make dem provide facilities wey go dey encouragepeople, their goods and services for anywhere in Nigeria;
  • Make all Nigerians get right to reside anywhere wey dem like across the federation….
  • The goverement go also promote a feelingwey go make people belief sey dem belong and dey involve for Nigeria wey go give birt to loyalty to Nigeria instead make people go dey dey loyal to dem tribe.

 

This right dey important to as without am, we fit no exercise other rights like personal liberty and freedom of association and assembly..

My right to waka about as I like for our obodo Nigeria

Every Nigerian get right to travel across the thirty-six states wey dey Nigeria and Federal Capital Territory. This right don give us right to move from one part of Nigeria go another. No body fit deny you this rights except under the way the Constitution sey make dem deny. For example pesin wey dem don convict, we just comit crime not fit waka go anywhere wey dem like or during , or pesin wey dey suffere from diseases wey fit affect others. Apart from the lawful way we we mention above, no body suppose restrict others from travelling within Nigeria

Wetin be dem Driving offences and penalties for Nigeria

Since one of d means to dey enjoy freedom of movement na by movement, the most popular one na by transportation onto Nigeria road. E come dey important here make we know weting be offence wey dey for driving and the kind fine/penalty wey pesin goo pay. We don put am her below courtesy Federal Road Safety Corpse

Offences & Penalties

S/NO TICK INFRINGEMENT (S) CODE POINTS PENALTY CATEGORY
1 LIGHT/SIGN VIOLATION LSV 2 2,000 2
2 ROAD OBSTRUCTION ROB 3 3,000 1
3 ROUTE VIOLATION RTV 5 5,000 1
4 SPEED LIMIT VIOLATION SLV 3 3,000 1
5 VEHICLE LICENCE VIOLATION VLV 3 3,000 2
6 VEHICLE NUMBER PLATE VIOLATION NPV 3 3,000 1
7 DRIVER’S LICENCE VIOLATION DLV 10 10,000 2
8 WRONGFUL OVERTAKING WOV 3 3,000 1
9 ROAD MARKING VIOLATION RMV 5 5,000 1
10 CAUTION SIGN VIOLATION CSV 3 3,000 3
11 DANGEROUS DRIVING DGD 10 50,000 1
12 DRIVING UNDER ALCOHOL OR DRUG INFLUENCE DUI 5 5,000 2
13 OPERATING A VEHICLE WITH FORGED DOCUMENTS OFD 10 20,000 2
14 UNAUTHORIZED REMOVAL OF OR TAMPERING WITH ROAD SIGNS UTS 5 5,000 1
15 DO NOT MOVE VIOLATION DNM 2 2,000 2
16 INADEQUATE CONSTRUCTION WARNING ICW 50,000 1
17 CONSTRUCTION AREA SPEED LIMIT VIOLATION CAV 3 3,000 1
18 FAILURE TO MOVE OVER FMO 3 3,000 1
19 FAILURE TO COVER UNSTABLE MATERIALS FCM 5 5,000 1
20 OVERLOADING OVL 10 10,000 1
21 DRIVING WITH WORN-OUT TYRE OR WITHOUT SPARE TYRE TYY 3 3,000 1
22 DRIVING WITHOUT OR WITH SHATTERED WINDSCREEN VWV 2 2,000 1
23 FAILURE TO FIX RED FLAG ON PROJECTED LOAD FFF 3 3,000 1
24 FAILURE TO REPORT ROAD ACCIDENT FRC 10 20,000 1
25 MEDICAL PERSONNEL OR HOSPITAL REJECTION OF ROAD ACCIDENT VICTIM RAV 50,000 1
26 ASSAULTING MARSHAL ON DUTY AMD 10 10,000 2
27 OBSTRUCTING MARSHAL ON DUTY OMD 2 2,000 2
28 ATTEMPTING TO CORRUPT MARSHAL ACS 10 10,000 2
29 CUSTODY FEE N200 per day after 24 hours
30 DRIVING WITHOUT SPECIFIED FIRE EXTINGUISHER FEV 3 3,000 3
31 DRIVING A COMMERCIAL WITHOUT PASSENGER MANIFEST PMV 10 10,000 2
32 DRIVING WITHOUT SEAT BELT SUV 2 2,000 1
33 USE OF PHONE WHILE DRIVING UPD 4 4,000 1
34 DRIVING A VEHICLE WHILE UNDER 18 YEARS UDR 2,000 1
35 RIDING MOTORCYCLE WITHOUT A CRASH HELMET RMH 2 2,000 1
36 EXCESSIVE SMOKE EMISSION ESE 5 5,000 1
37 MECHANICALLY DEFICIENT VEHICLE MDV 5 5,000 1
NOTE: Custody fee on impounded Motor vehicle and Motorcycle/Tricycle is N200.00 per day payable after initial 24 hours of grace

 

 

As Naija pesin, I get right to dey live for any area wey I like for Nigeria?

Since every pesin for Naija get freedom to move from one state to another state, the next freedom wey go follow na the right to dey reside for any part of Nigeria weda for short time (Temporarily) or for live (permanently). Every Nigerian dey free to change the place wey im dey reside as e plase am and govment no suppose restrict am weda na Federal, State or local authorities.

As Naija pesin wey full ground, dem fit pursue me commot from my country?

As a Nigerian, no body get right to expel you from Nigeria. As a Nigerian, no body fit deny you dis right. 30 years ago, dem try this kain thing where dem explell (comot) a Nigeria commot from Nigeriabut the court talk sey dem authority no get dat kind power to commot Naija pesin from Nigeria.[1]

 

 

[1] Shugaba V. Minister for Internal Affairs (1981) 1 NCLR 25.

I be Naija persin o, dem fit block me make I no enter Nigeria, my country again if I dey come from obodo oyinbo country or any place?

The beauty of citizenship na for citizen to dey enter his country at time wey e like. This right na for Naija citizen wey dey abroad  wey wan return home. [1] Pesin wey no be Nigeria dem fit refuse entry for ground of  law.[2]

[1] See section 1(2)(d)&(e) Immigration Act

[2] Sections 7 & 18 Immigration Act

If I wan comot from Nigeria self, dem fit stop me?

This na your right to travel comot from Nigeria. Before pesin go travel comot from Nigeria, e dey important make e get valid international passport wey Nigeria govment issue. This come mean sey Nigeria citizen get right to own a passport.

Again, pesin must to meet criteria wey dem set befre e fit get passport. The criteria no suppose be one wey go dey difficult for people to meet.

Another important thing be sey, pesin wey wan travel go need get visa of the country wey e dey go. Na embassy of country wey you dey go go give you visa. If you no come get visa, Nigerian authority fit no gree make you commot from Nigeria for airport or place weher you wnan take take off.

Dem fit collect my passport wey I dey take travel make I no see am again?

Though your passport na you rights, dem fit collect am from you as dem take explain am for Passport (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act[1] if this following come happen:

  • If you collect the passport by fraud;
  • If the passport don expire;
  • If pesin dey carry plenty passport at the same time in a way wey law no gree; and
  • If na to collect am from you for public interest.

[1] Section 35(1)

I wan go dem ECOWAS counties. Dem talk sey I no need visa, wetin I suppose know before I travel?

Article 2(1) for Protocol to the ECOWAS treaty for free movement of persons, residence and establishment[1] give people from ECOWAS countriesthe rights to enter, reside and establish in the territory of dem member states.

The entry without visa no come pass ninety (90) days after which pesin go apply for extensionand na immigration official go fit approve am.

Pesin wey wan go ECOWAS Country from Nigeria suppose get valid passport issued by a member state of ECOWAS wey immigration officials fit endorse[2].

Lastly, ontop sey pesin na from ECOWAS country, dem fit refuse am entry if dem see am as pesin wey dem not fit allow to dem country under dem laws.[3]

[1] Official Journal of ECOWAS, Vol. 1, June 1979

[2] Article 1 & 3 of the Protocol

[3] Article 4 of the Protocol

Wetin I fit do wey go make dem govment seize my travel passport?

If dem sieze passport, e different from when dey withdrawl pesin passport. If dem withdrawl am, you fit no get am again. If dem seize am, dem fit release am latter. If dem seize am, dem no wan make you movement go beyond Nigeria be dat. People wey dem fit seize their passport na criminal suspect, convict, or somebody wey dey detension  as law take provide.